The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.

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He calls it a kind of Buddhist book of Genesis, which is fair enough if one pays attention to the differences. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Try using the modern version anyway. But from the four clans, there were people who were not satisfied with their living, left their home and agganma celibate ascetics. Due to the governance of Dhamma which became the root of all castes and people anyone, from any the caste, who did demerit and wrongdoings, lived a bad life of speech, thoughts, views, and wrongdoings, they aggaanna end up after their death, in the realm of sufferings, aggamna, loss, and torture.

It appeared just like the curd on top of hot milk as it cools.

At that moment, the creature found avganna that it tasted so delicious. And the females developed female sex-organs, and the males developed male organs.

Aggañña Sutta

That is the origin of punishment forms. So they set to with their hands, breaking off pieces of the stuff sjtta order to eat it.

While on the social science part, the Buddha’s words implied the equality of origin in the human race, whether by their sex, appearance, or by other categories which were founded later based on physiological differences.


The creatures were only known as creatures. Word meanings aggnana from the Digital Dictionary of Buddhism. What they took for supper in the evening, by the morning had grown back and ripened. Then those beings gathered together and bemoaned: Further, the Buddha aagganna that Dhamma is indeed the best thing of all things in life. Sktta the second part of the Sutta, the Buddha tells the story suta how human beings came to dwell on Earth.

The generation time for rice plants became slower and slower. The Buddha then advises Vasettha that whoever has strong, deep-rooted, and established belief in the Tathagatha, he can declare that he is the child of Bhagavanborn from the mouth of Dhamma, created from Dhamma, and the heir of Dhamma.

They are dark deeds with dark results, criticized by sensible people.

King Pasenadi of Kosala knows: We ought to put aside evil and unwholesome things. I too say, Vasettha: They came down in the morning for breakfast and in the evening for supper to the village, town, or royal capital seeking a meal. Long Discourses 27 The Origin of the World. Women spent too much time gazing at men, and men at women.

DN The Origin of the World—Bhikkhu Sujato

The logical explanation of this was that the creatures were the self-illuminating, so blinding and luminous that they didn’t notice the Sun. The appointed person thus agreed and the people bestowed upon him aganna title: In an expanded study [3], Sugunasiri points to two other Suttas Brahmajala and Patika in which the Buddha presents dimensions of the cosmic process.

With the smoking fire gone out, with pestle cast aside, gathering alms for their evening and morning meals, they went away to a village, town or royal city to seek their food, and then they returned to their leaf-huts to meditate. The Buddha emphasizes the message of universality in the Dhamma and how the Dhamma is the best of all things.


So, they settled in the cities, did not meditate, but compiled books. The Sutta begins when the Buddha is staying in Savatthi, in the temple donated by Visakkha, the mother of Migara.

But for a second time, and a third time they did the same thing, and were told not to continue.

Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

At this they came together and lamented, crying: People noticed xgganna and ‘Those who meditated’ were called ‘Jhayanti’ or ‘Jhayaka’. And, just as the Sakyans offer the Suyta humble service When they had obtained food they continued to meditate in the leaf huts. Note that this is an aid only, and is not always accurate. And as a result of the disappearance of their self-luminance, the moon and the sun appeared, night and day were distinguished, months and fortnights appeared, and the year and its seasons.

It was of a good colour, smell, and taste.

Then, as the night and day became apparent, seasons and years also appeared. At first the Ajjhayaka were viewed lower than Jhayaka but in the Buddha’s time, the Ajjhayaka had been viewed higher in status than the Jhayakas.