The Ashtadhyayi. Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu [Panini Panini, Srisa Chandra Vasu] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant . Index:The Ashtadhyayi, Translated into English by Srisa Chandra From Wikisource. Jump to Title, The Ashtadhyayi. Author, Srisa.
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If you came to this lesson from Starting Out, you can click here to return to translatio review page and continue through the grammar guide. We must approach the work cyclically: This sort of rule doesn’t address other rules: This example is not perfect, but it should help you see how these rules interact and relate to each other.
This sort of rule contradicts an earlier vidhi rule. Throughout this series of lessons, I will use the Sanskrit terms. Most rules are like this. Such a rule sometimes specifies how far it extends, but usually its extension is clear from context.
In the same way, some rules in the Ashtadhyayi are meaningless if separated from the rules above them. About Contact Preferences Using the Site.
Here is how we should classify the rules: Although the rule doesn’t say so explicitly, we should understand that it only applies in the context of this list of rules. But these rules, too, are lists: Index Grammar guide Resources Tools Or: Thus, we have a large arrangement of different rules that we must try to understand. One such rule is one syllable long: This page was last edited on July 20, These lists have different headings, and these headings describe the behavior of the items they contain.
Such a rule tells us how we should read and understand the other rules in the Ashtadhyayi. Now, let’s try and understand the different kinds of rules that Panini uses in his work. Rather, it essentially assumes that you’ve read some of it before you’ve ever started reading.
Index:The Ashtadhyayi, Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu.djvu
I’ve listed the rules here from the most concrete to the most abstract. So, a fruit is food, and a vegetable is food as well.
If you ashtadhyzyi rule 4 by itself, you would have no idea what it was trying to say; and a vegetable does not only has a sensible meaning when considered alongside the rule that comes before it.
By itself, this rule means nothing. In this way, Panini created a brief and immensely dense work.
The Structure of the Ashtadhyayi | Learn Sanskrit Online
This rule is as basic as it gets. The examples in the next lesson are englieh complex. This sort of rule describes the way that Sanskrit actually behaves. This rule rranslation us how we should classify the things that come from plants. Coincidentally, they also feature noun endings that we haven’t yet studied. This rule defines the term “fruit” as a food that contains seeds.
We must understand, however, that the Ashtadhyayi was originally taught orally; students learned the work by heart and could recall any individual rule at will. As you read the list below, try to classify each rule with one of the terms above. As you might have realized, Panini is difficult. Essentially, it contains an exception to an earlier rule. It’s important to realize that we take an ordinary word and give engljsh a new meaning.