Abstract. A detailed study of AISI and stainless steels (SSs) has been conducted to correlate the degree of sensitization (DOS) measured by the. ASTM a Test, Intergranular Corrosion, IGC, ASTM A Practice, Copper – Copper Sulfate – 16% sulfuric acid, ASTM A – Practice E (Strauss Test). ASTM A Practice E test. This practice describes the procedure by which the copper-copper sulfate% sulfuric acid test is conducted to determine .

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If materials with incorrect heat treatment enter service, they are liable to crack or fail by intergranular corrosion IGC much more rapidly than properly treated materials; ASTM A is a screening test to help find batches that are incorrectly processed. All five methods within this specification involve exposing specimens to a z262 mixture designed to encourage corrosive behavior.

Our knowledgeable scientists have the experience and expertise necessary to determine the most appropriate intergranular attack testing methods for your material while providing actionable results you can rely on. Due to the variance of attack in different materials, numerous methods Practices B-F are used to assess intergranular corrosion. This specification covers the standard practices for detecting susceptibility to intergranular attack in austenitic stainless steels.

In SEM analysis, intergranular corrosion is clear by the dark lines where the grain boundaries are eaten away. The corrosion test has the advantage of being relatively rapid, requiring 24 hours plus sample preparation time. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.

ASTM A Intergranular Corrosion Testing and Analysis

These practices include five intergranular corrosion tests, namely: Sample condition before soaking in Ferric chloride solution. Intergranular corrosion occurs practiice a result of precipitation of nitridescarbidesand other intermetallic phasessuch as sigma phase, that occurs along the grain boundaries.

Since high temperature processing such as heat treatment is a common practice, many manufacturers wish to perform intergranular corrosion qualification testing on each batch, to ensure that the material has been processed correctly and does not show signs of corrosion susceptibility.


ASTM A testing is a popular method of choice due to the variety of practices available and the relatively short turnaround for results. Duplicate samples from both sides of a sheet sample are evaluated to determine if carburization results in intergranular attack. Practice S262, the Strauss test, parctice performed to assess attack associated with chromium-rich carbide formation; it does not detect susceptibility to sigma phase formation.

News Project Details Tools. Methods for preparing the test specimens, rapid screening tests, apparatus setup and testing procedures, and calculations and report contents are described for each testing practice. For example, in highly oxidizing solutions, intergranular attack can occur due to intermetallic phases, while attack of carbides may occur somewhat less oxidizing solutions.

These tests do not provide a basis for predicting resistance to forms of corrosion other than intergranular, such as general corrosion, pitting, or stress-corrosion cracking. What is your typical turnaround time? This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. Although this test method uses some similar equipment, this method should not be confused with Test Method G The Oxalic Acid test is also only applicable to corrosion associated with chromium carbide precipitates and is only useful for specific material grades.

The samples are weighed at each interval to determine mass loss and degree of susceptibility to intergranular attack. Choosing the correct method s rely on a complete understanding of your material and processes, as well as the concept of corrosion itself.

pracitce It is typically used for stainless alloys such as andCr-Ni-Mo stainless alloys, and nickel alloys to evaluate the intergranular attack associated with the precipitation of chromium carbides at grain boundaries. How do you select the right ASTM corrosion testing method for your material?

Intergranular corrosion shows up as the dark black lines around the grain boundaries. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy.


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The etch structure types used to classify the specimens are: The test evaluates the resistance of extra-low-carbon steels to sensitization and intergranular attack from welding or heat treatment processes. Similar to the Streicher test, the Huey test method uses a nitric acid solution and subjects the specimen to five hour boiling intervals.

Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. Discover perspectives, resources, and advice from our world-leading Engaged Experts. A bend test followed by a visual or micro-examination are used to determine “Pass” or “Fail” of test specimens. In many cases we can reduce that to as little as 24 hours more than the required testing time if you need fast results.

ASTM A Testing: An Overview of Intergranular Corrosion | Element

Based on your materials, application, and requirements, the other 4 methods provide specific focuses. Our laboratory is well organized, adequately equipped, and have competent staff who are trained to conduct these tests.

Intergranular cracking or crazing is evidence of susceptibility. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

See Appendix X1 for information regarding test selection. Classification of the structure after A Practice A analysis will determine if the material is acceptable or if additional testing is required.

In everyday applications, corrosion varies by materials and solutions. The test uses a visual inspection of the surface of the bent specimen to determine pass or fail.

Some specific hazards statements are given in