In light of this criticism, Axel Honneth has insisted that the concept of .. Oder warum das moderne Recht keine ‚Sphäre der Anerkennung’ ist,“. EMENTA: Axel Honneth e o Déficit Fenomenológico da Teoria Crítica: Reconhecimento . 5/outubro: Axel Honneth, Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen. traced to the work of Hegel, who first coined the phrase ‘struggle for recognition ‘ (kampf um anerkennung). The Fraser-Honneth Debate; Criticisms of Recognition . In his more recent work, Axel Honneth (Fraser and Honneth ff.).

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Sign in to use this feature. The disagreement over whether or not distribution can be made to supervene on recognition arises from the differing interpretations of recognition. We still require criteria to distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate struggles.

Justice and recognition mutually illuminate each other. The individual can only experience her deeds as really hers in living and acting in concert with others and feeling at home in the society’s institutions. Although there remain concerns regarding various aspects of recognition as a social and political concept, it is entirely possible that many of these anerkennunt be addressed and resolved through future research.

Criticisms of Recognition Despite its influence and popularity, there are a number of concerns regarding the concept of recognition as a foundational element in a theory of justice.

Axel Honneth | Department of Philosophy

From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviourist. Common to all social and political notions of recognition is the shift from an atomistic to an intersubjective, dialogical understanding of the individual. In reply, proponents of such a broader account of social philosophy have insisted that the emphasis on a society that recognizes as many features of individuals as possible, hereby promoting their autonomy, does not prescribe how to live.

Some have even argued that only empathy with other persons allows us to take over their perspective Cavell which, again, seems to be a prerequisite for sharing their evaluative reasons: It presents the main similarities and differences between these authors before examining some important criticisms levelled at concept of recognition.

If our expectations of being recognized as X are always contingent upon the social and historical context we live in, how is moral and political progress possible at all? Thus, such accounts try to explain how reason can enter the world in the first place—and therefore this kind of elementary recognition does not seem to depend on values or norms but rather be a source thereof.


This is illustrated by the rather recent historical development in which the premodern concept of honor which was assigned to persons as members of a group within a hierarchical social structure was divided into two parts: Thus, the psychoanalytic tradition refers to suppressed, but unconsciously still effective drives or experiences.

One must recognise oneself as mediated through the other. It would be starving itself of the recognition it requires in order to be a determinate self-consciousness. Anselm Spindler – – Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 1: Hence recognition must always take place between equals, mediated through social institutions which can guarantee that equality and thus produce the necessary mutual relations of recognition necessary for the attainment of freedom.

Even if the victims know that their degradation is unjustified, they cannot but feel humiliated all the same. According to Hegel, it is through the intersubjective recognition of our freedom that right is actualised. Recognition presupposes a subject of recognition the recognizer and an object the recognized.

Axel Honneth

For instance, grievances regarding the distribution of goods in society are ultimately struggles for recognition. Returning to Taylor, he notes that there is also a universal basis to this second political model insofar as all people are entitled to have their identity recognised: Constitutionalism in the Age of Diversity.

A Critical IntroductionCambridge: Anerkennun forms of inequality, including those of race and gender, derive from the signifying effect of socio-cultural structures. Yet, in light of the value pluralism so characteristic of modern societies, it remains unclear who could function as an impartial judge when it comes to determining what is more valuable and what is not.

Social and Political Recognition

The Levinasian and Sartrean accounts of the self-other relationship can be criticised from a hermeneutic perspective for failing to acknowledge the fact that understanding is essentially a conversation with another, and that a simple reduction of the other to a sameness with oneself, or a pure objectification of the other, would preclude the possibility of a genuine interaction from which mutual understanding could arise Gadamer, In spite of disrespect, the capacity for agency which is necessary for resistance may spring from three motivational sources.


The demand for recognition in a response-model is produced and honeth through pre-existing characteristics of a person, whilst in the generation-model it is the act of recognition itself which confers those characteristics onto a person through their being recognised as such. Harvester, Foucault, Michel.

There are no equal or stable relations between people; all interactions are processes of domination. Science Logic and Mathematics.

Axel Honneth – Wikipedia

Texts and CommentaryAlbany: Routledge, Taylor, Charles. Consequently, because it is a normatively structured need to the disappointment of which we usually react with indignation, its appropriateness can always be questioned by reference to the reasons available to us Iser I know that the truth of my judgment depends on you being able to share it Brandom We may not consider being valued by a wilful criminal as any sort of recognition in the sense being defined here.

A Politics of the PerformativeLondon: By contrast, because most theorists of recognition argue that recognition hobneth a genuinely interpersonal endeavor, they conclude that only subjects of recognition can be proper objects of recognition.

Thus, the wide understanding allows for many objects of recognition that cannot themselves be subjects of recognition.

These drives or experiences may be described, following Freud, as libidinous energies or rather as anerkejnung positively connotated recollection of a state of infant omnipotence Whitebook It is out of the frustration of individual expectations of due recognition that new social movements will emanate, rather than the pre-existing patterns of signification which currently hierarchically situate subjects.

Such expectations of behaviour can lead, Appiah notes ibid: Conversely, more positive emotional states are generated through successful action. Clarendon Press, [] Hegel, Georg W. If one tries to cancel out these disadvantages by taking into account the differences, e.

This becomes especially urgent if one realizes, as already indicated above, that values and norms—being products of human thought and attitudes—can express disrespect even if those who follow them are not really aware of this.