Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.
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J Cancer Res Ther. The acute toxicity study of aqueous leaf extract C. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. In Cameroon Costus afer is a host of the African root and tuber scale Stictococcus veyssierei.
Diosgenin is mainly obtained from Dioscorea spp. There are 15 citations in Afrirefs related to Costus afer Ker Gawl. Please view the copyright link for more information.
Costus afer Spiral Ginger, Ginger lily, White spiral costus. PFAF Plant Database
You can unsubscribe at anytime. The costjs infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints[ ]. Cosths stem decoction, mashed stem or the pounded fruit, sometimes mixed with sugar cane juice, are taken to treat cough, respiratory problems and a sore throat.
A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae Zingiberales. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Stem sap is applied to treat urethral discharges, venereal diseases, jaundice and to prevent miscarriage.
Stem sap is applied to treat urethral discharges, venereal diseases, jaundice and to prevent miscarriage. It should be noted that the aqueous extract of rhizomes was more effective than the aqueous extracts of the two coostus parts of the plant indicating that inhibitors of this enzyme may be more concentrated afre this plant part.
Increased blood creatinine is a good indicator of compromised kidney function. It also exhibits uterine relaxant activity. The animals were weighed every week and the feed and fluid consumption was measured daily. Costus is pantropical and comprises about 70 species, of which about 40 species in tropical America, about 25 in tropical Africa and about 5 in South-East Asia.
The pulp of the rhizome is applied to abscesses and ulcers to mature them; it is applied to teeth to cure toothache; and mixed with water it is taken internally to treat diarrhoea and amoebic dysentery[ ].
The photomicrographs show that the extract caused histopathological changes in afr liver. Its IC 50 values, 5. The results of the in vivo acute toxicity study indicated that the LD 50 of the aqueous leaf extract of C. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology We are currently updating this section. The extract did not affect the kidney parameters measured as all the values were almost the same with the control as shown in Table 3.
An acid flavour[ ]. Costus afer 1, flowering shoot; 2, base of leaf with ligule; 3, bract with 2 flowers. The Costuz 50 values of the tested extracts were lower for methanol rhizome extract 0. The present study revealed another possible mechanism of Costus afer on diabetes, based on glycolytic enzyme inhibition and antioxidant properties. The powdered stems are used as an enema to treat worms and haemorrhoids.
Nephrotoxicity is a major complication characterized by morphological destruction of intracellular organelles and cellular necrosis, followed by functional alterations including the depletion of the antioxidant defense system and mitochondrial damage. Thus, amylase and glucosidase inhibitors are of particular importance [ 23 ].
For more information about QR Codes click here. A papaverine-like alkaloid is found in the rhizome which causes relaxation of smooth muscle and is anti-spasmodic, diuretic and central nervous system depressant in tests in animals.
Phytochemical screening Phytochemical screening of freshly prepared sample of C. FA Davis Company; Going by the result obtained in this present study, there is an indication of Dostus. Table 2 Effect of aqueous leaf extract of Costus afer Ker Gawl on hepatic biomarkers.
Flora of tropical East Africa.