DEFINISI PAP SMEAR PDF


Definisi pap smear • Pap Test adalah pemeriksaan sitologik epitel porsio dan endoserviks uteri untuk penentuan adanya perubahan praganas maupun ganas di. Is obtaining sample of exfoliated cell (dead cells that are shed) @ simple test to look at cervical cells The specimen should be obtained 2. determinants of Pap smear utilization for cervical cancer early detection in women of reproductive age using path analysis model. Subjects and Method: This.

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Cervical canal

Sekip Utara Yogyakarta Email: Carcinoma extends beyond the pelvis or bladder or rectal mucosa. Smer Pap Smear dilakukan dengan menggunakan spekulum atau berus serviks yang akan dimasukkan ke dalam faraj. M Maman Ungu Cleome rutidospermae D. Georgios Papanikolaou Harald zur Hausen.

Pap Smear dapat mengesan peringkat awal sebelum kanser itu terjadi. Germinal epithelium Tunica albuginea cortex Cumulus oophorus Stroma Medulla. Starting sexual activity at a very young age 4. E6 and E7 proteins of HPV modulate cellular proteins that regulate the cell cycle. Retrieved from ” https: It is then exposed to the wmear environment of the vagina and, through a process of squamous metaplasiatransforms into stratified squamous epithelium.

Gartner’s duct Epoophoron Vesicular appendages of epoophoron Paroophoron. The growth of the cancer is still confined to the cervix. Encyclopedia of Chemotherapy Agent. Jika tidak dirawat, ia boleh membawa kepada kanser serviks. Immunohistochemical staining is often helpful in this regard, endocervical adenocarcinomas are typically CEA and p16 positive and estrogen receptorprogesterone receptor and vimentin negative.

The Bethesda system TBS is a system for reporting cervical or vaginal cytologic diagnoses, [1] used for reporting Pap smear results. It may also give rise to post- coital bleeding, as fine blood vessels present within the columnar epithelium are easily traumatised.

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Treatment involves removal of the affected tissue, which can be accomplished by LEEPcryosurgerycone biopsyor laser ablation. Pap smear test is a method of examination of cells taken from the cervix and then examined under a microscope to see the changes that occur from the cells.

This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat It communicates with the uterine cavity via the internal orifice of the uterus or internal os and with the vagina via the external orifice of the uterus ostium of uterus or external os.

Various cause, may have occurred due to infection by bacteriaor because of fungal. The wall of the smsar presents an anterior and a posterior longitudinal ridge, from each of which proceed a number of small oblique columns, the palmate foldsgiving the appearance of branches from the stem of a tree; to this arrangement the name arbor emear uteri is applied.

As estrogen levels ddefinisi during puberty, the cervical os opens, exposing the endocervical columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix.

Fossa of vestibule of vagina Vaginal fornix Hymen Vaginal rugae Support structures Vaginal epithelium. Adnexa Ovaries Follicles corpus hemorrhagicum luteum albicans Theca of follicle externa interna Follicular antrum Follicular fluid Corona radiata Zona pellucida Membrana granulosa Perivitelline space. Isthmus Ampulla Infundibulum Fimbria Ostium.

Pengesanan dan rawatan awal dapat menyembuhkan penyakit ini sepenuhnya. George Papanicolouso-called Pap smear test.

It can be divided into six categories:. But before these cells become cancer cellsthere are some changes experienced by these cells. In the early stages surgery may be done to the network containing cancer cells.

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Definisi: pap smear, Arti Kata: pap smear

Endocervical adenocarcinoma, like cervical cancer squamous cell carcinomaoften arises in the milieu of human papilloma virus infection. Cervical ectropion is a normal phenomenon, especially in the ovulatory phase in younger women, during pregnancy, and in women taking papp oral contraceptive pill, which increases the total estrogen level in the body.

Kanser serviks definisl keadaan apabila sel di serviks bertindak secara tidak normal dan berkembang menjadi kanser. Jika tidak normal, anda akan dirujuk untuk pemeriksaan dan rawatan lanjut.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Semua wanita yang pernah melakukan hubungan seks definizi berumur antara 20 — 65 tahun perlu menjalani ujian Pap Smear. Incervical cancer cases are still in the first level the incidence of cancer in Indonesia. G-spot Urethral sponge Perineal sponge. The management of AGC is colposcopy with or without an endometrial biopsy.

Isthmus Ampulla Infundibulum Fimbria Ostium. If there is bleeding after sexual activity or between menstrual periods occur and the discharge occurs it must be done immediately to a doctor examination. Spread to adjacent organs. Pap smear test is always required even though no longer a sexual activity Anonim, b.

In general, these cells will go definksi to normal again. As a resultin a condition without a repressorE6 and E7 proteins are expressed in high amounts so that causing tumor suppressor protein, namely p53 and pRb inactive and stimulating the growth Hwang et al. Keputusan yang mungkin dimaklumkan adalah normal atau tidak normal.

There are no clear parameters.